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History Of Darbhanga

                Under the British Rule, Darbhanga was a part of Sarkar Tirhut up to 1875, when it was constituted into a separate district. The subdivisions had been created earlier - Darbhanga Sadar in 1845, Madhubani in 1866 and Samastipur (then known as Tajpur) in 1867. It was the part of Patna division till 1908, when the Tirhut division was created with its headquarters at Muzaffarpur. As a result of reorganization of districts in the State which took effect in the year 1972, Madhubani and Samastipur subdivision were upgraded as independent districts and then the trimmed Darbhanga district has two subdivisions, viz, Darbhanga Sadar and Benipur consisting of 12 Development Blocks in all. Biraul Subdivision was created in 1992 and six more Development Blocks were created namely Hanuman Nagar, Tardih, Gaura Bauram, Kiratpur, Kusheshwar Asthan East and Alinagar in later stage.
The district is bounded on the north by Madhubani district, on the south by the district of Samastipur, on the east by Saharsa district and on the west by the district of Muzaffarpur and Sitamarhi.


                The district takes its name from its only town Darbhanga the District headquarters, which is said to have been founded by one Darbhangi Khan, about whom practically nothing is known. It is also held that the name Darbhanga has been derived from Dwar Banga or Dari - Banga, meaning the 'door of Bengal'. This derivation does not appear to be very correct as division between Bengal and Bihar has always been further to the east. However, the linguistic and cultural affinity with Bengal may be said to commence from here.
Darbhanga town attained the status of a city (Population 1 lakh and above) in 1961. Darbhanga is the seat of the maharaja of Darbhanga. Laheriasarai which is the seat of district and divisional administration is a part of the Darbhanga town. The Raj area is a well developed and beautifully laid-out complex of palaces, temples, offices, parks, garden and ponds. There are a number of palaces built by the successive Maharajas, important among them being Nargauna Palace, Rambagh Palace, Anandbagh bhawan and Bela Palace. A number of buildings are in the use of the Kameshwar Singh Darbhanga Sanskrit University, Darbhanga and Lalit Narayan Mithila University, Darbhanga. The old Raj Library has been taken over by L. N. Mithilia University. Perhaps Darbhanga is the only city in India, which has two universities in a campus. The Maharajas of Darbhanga have traditionally been very great patrons of art and literature and through their munificence have always provided encouragement to the scholars of Maithili and Sanskrit. Mahesh Thakur who founded the Raj was a renowned scholar of Sanskrit. The estate was conferred upon him by Emperor Akbar who was very much impressed by Raghunandan Jha, a scholar and disciple of Mahesh Thakur.


            The district is noted for its trade in Fish, Mango and Makhana. Among its educational institutions are Chandradhari Mithila College, Chandradhari Mithila Science College, Darbhanga Medical College, Women Institute of Technology and Darbhanga Engineering College and Various other institutions.
There are two Urban Local Bodies - The Municipal corporation Darbhanga and the Benipur Municipal Council. The Benipur Municipal Council has been divided in 29 wards. The Population of Benipur Municupal Council is 75317 as per census 2011.


            Darbhanga is a municipal corporation town. Presently headquarter of Darbhanga district as well as Darbhanga Division. Darbhanga is the 5th largest city of Bihar. It is one of the most important districts and big cities of North Bihar. Darbhanga is also known as Heart of the Mithilanchal. According to census 2011, the total population of the District is 3937385. The Male population is 2059949 and Female population is 1877436. The Population of Darbhanga Town is 371356. Darbhanga district is having a total geographical area of 2279 Sq. Km. It is situated between longitude 85 degree 45 minute East and 25 degree 53 minute North.
 

Flora and Fauna

The land in Darbhanga District is generally very fertile and there are hardly and uncultivated areas. The district is, therefore, devoid of any forests. Among the trees found in the district are Sisam, Khair, Palmyra and Khajur. Mango, jackfruit, pipal and tamarind are found near village settlements. The district also has some tracts of grasslands.

Wild animals existed in the district up to the end of the 18th century. But with the progressive use of land and rapid growth of population, the forest areas were cleared and the wild animals became almost extinct. Wolves and hyenas are rare, while jackals are common. Fox and wild cats are also met with occasionally.

Among the birds found in the district are various kinds of quails, partridges and ducks, snipes, cranes, storks and sparrows are commonly seen. Fish are plentiful. The common varieties are Rohu, Bachwa, Tangra, Katla, Singhi and Boari. Hilsa is found only occasionally.

 

Languages and Religion

Main languages spoken in this district are: Maithili, Hindi and Urdu. Religion-wise breakup of population is indicated below as per 1991 census: Hindus : 19,55,068, Muslims : 5,55,429, Christians : 141, Sikhs : 198, Buddhists : 26, Jains : 27, Other religions and persuasions : 70.

 

Fair and Festivals

Important fairs and melas organised in various parts of the district are namely: Kartik Purnima mela, Dussehra mela, Janmastami mela and Divali mela.

 

Statistical Figures

 

Darbhanga - Bihar - India
SL Head  Unit   Darbhanga    Bihar     India  
1. Population Growth (Per Annum) % 2.25 2.13 2.14
2. Population Density (Person/Sq.Kms)      Nos. 1,101 496 273
3. Urbanization % 8.70 13.14 25.73
4. Literacy % 29.00 38.48 52.21
5. Male Literacy % 48.00 52.49 64.13
6. Female Literacy % 16.00 22.89 39.29
7. Urban Literacy % 66.42 67.89 73.08
8. Rural Literacy % 31.80 33.83 44.69
9. Workers as % of total Population % 29.49 32.16 37.46
10. Agriculture % Allied Activities % 84.10 81.10 66.92
11. Mining and Quarrying % 0.04 1.26 0.61
12. Mfg. (Non-household) industries % 1.89 2.26 7.65
13. House-hold industries % 1.43 1.74 2.38
14. Construction % 0.49 0.63 1.94
15. Services % 12.05 13.00 20.50
16. Forest area as % reporting area % 0 16.87 21.82
17. Net sown area as % of reporting area % 59.72 44.43 46.30
18. Grows irrigation area % of grs. cropped area % 18.49 36.31 30.72
19. Average size of Operational Holding Hec. 0.54 0.87 1.69
20. Fertilizer consumption per hectare Kgs. 68.00 58.00 72.00
21. Value of output of major crops per hectare Rs. 2,333 3017 3576
22. Value of output of major per capita Rs. 192 368 758
23. Per Capita Foodgrain Production Kgs. 65.00 118.00 173.00
24. Road Length per 100 sq. km. Kms. 50.84 48.77 60.14
25. Railway Route Length per 100 sq. km. Kms. 3.59 3.06 2.06
26. Post Office per Lakh Population Nos. 14.09 13.20 17.93
27. Telegraph Offices per Lakh Population Nos. 0 2 4.3
28. Telephones per Lakh Population Nos. 493 167 800
29. Total Fertility Rate   5.10 5.50 4.80
30. Infant Mortality rate per thousand live birth   115 118 110
31. Live Expectancy at birth   47.60 46.50 53.85
32. Relative Index of Development Index 29 43 100
           

 

Administrative Setup

Darbhanga is the Divisional Headquarter. The division comprises the three district, namely Darbhanga, Madhubani and Samastipur.

Panchayats - Zila Parishads
SL District  Blocks   Panchayats    Gram-Panchayat
Members 
Panchayat
Samiti Members
Zila-Parishad
Members
1. Darbhanga 18 329 4,570 461 47
2. Madhubani 20 399 5,523 552 56
3. Samastipur 20 381 5,211 523 51
  Total 58 1,109 15,304 1,536 154

The district comprises of three civil Sub-divisions, 18 Blocks, 329 Panchayats, 1269 villages & 23 Police Stations. There is a municipal corporation having 37 wards in the urban area.

 

Block-wise Village, Panchayat, Ward, Panchayat Samiti and Zila Parishads
SL Block Name No. of
Villages
 No. of
Panchayats
No. of
Wards
No. of
Panchayat Samiti
No. of Zila
Parishad
1. Baheri 80 27 364 36 4
2. Hayaghat 48 14 195 20 2
3. Hanuman Nagar 85 14 198 19 2
4. Darbhanga 137 23 338 34 3
5. Bahadurpur 171 23 321 32 3
6. Singhwara 100 25 359 36 4
7. Jale 60 26 362 36 4
8. Keoti 110 26 355 36 4
9. Tardih 45 13 162 14 2
10. Manigachhi 47 22 302 31 3
11. Alinagar 44 11 176 19 2
12. Benipur 65 22 330 33 3
13. Ghanshyampur 30 12 169 17 2
14. Kiratpur 17 8 95 10 1
15. Kuseshwarasthan 73 14 193 20 2
16. Kuseshwarasthan (E) 36 10 134 13 1
17. Biraul 70 26 343 36 3
18. Gaura Bauram 51 13 174 17 2
  Total 1,269 329 4,570 459 47

 

Banks in Darbhanga

There are 150 banks branches in the district which include 62 commercial bank branches, 79 RRBs, 3 LDBs and 6 Co-operative banks. Besides these there are 180 PACs in the district. Central Bank of India is the lead bank of the district.

 

Statement of Banks in Darbhanga District
SL Name of Bank No. of Branches No. of Branches in Service Areas No. of Villages under Service Area No. of Villages of Targeted or Non-Trageted Groups of RRBs
1. Central Bank of India 14 9 100 143
2. State Bank of India 18 12 120 368
3. Allahabad Bank 2 1 8 17
4. Bank of Baroda 2 2 18 20
5. United Commercial Bank 3 2 12 -
6. United Bank of India 5 4 40 97
7. Punjab National Bank 5 3 28 65
8. Canara Bank 1 - - -
9. Indian Bank 3 3 17 44
10. Bank of India 4 3 5 47
11. Syndicate Bank 1 - - -
12. Vijaya Bank 1 - - -
13. Union Bank of India 1 1 15 24
14. Dena Bank 1 - - -
15. Indian Overseas Bank 1 - - -
16. Mithila Kshetriya Gramin Bank (RRB) 79 77 825 -
17. Central Co-operative Bank 6 Entire District - -
18. Land Development Bank 3 do - -
19. ICICI Bank 1 do - -
20. HDFC Bank 1 do - -
21. AXIS Bank 1 do - -
TOTAL 153 117 1,188 825